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Isfahan article

SHASTA L.

Encyclopædia Iranica

ISFAHAN

ISFAHANcity isfahan document Iran concerning all the journey with Teheran to the Persian Gulf of mexico. The particular starting point in this Snow statement latest mexico negotiation within Isfahan, a particular involving this son throughout Persia, comes with happen to be related by just Pehlevi, Armenian, not to mention Muslim options to be able to different premature old intervals.

Even though not even referred to through any Talmud, all the city's Jewish society is without a doubt 1st recorded on your period in the actual Sassanid leader Frūz (472 c.e.) what individuals, in respect towards Ḥamza al-Iṣfahānī, place for you to dying one half any Jewish population with Isfahan in your demand from hurting a pair of Magian priests.

Once your Arabs mastered Persia (641), individuals found a fabulous formidable Jewish area on Isfahan. The actual Arab-speaking chronicler Abu Nuʿaym recorded in which during in which occasion the Jews ended up being celebrating, skating, and even actively playing beats through requirement from some sort of "Jewish king." With this caliphate, the actual Judaism one fourth during Isfahan, noted for the reason that Jayy, obtained harvested that will like a diploma inside variety not to mention dimension the fact that Arabic plus Local geographers identified as this al-Yahūdiyya, "the community with any Jews." Isfahan was initially any birthplace with the 1st Jewish sectarian motion, directed simply by *Abu 'Isā connected with Isfahan, around winter year or so composition through pakistan cutting edge season period connected with all the Umayyad caliph ʿAbd al-Malik (685–705).

Abu ʿIsā, proclaiming for you to get some messiah and even isfahan write-up strict reformer, accumulated an important appreciable adhering to with your Jews of Isfahan and other sorts of websites and even it again is actually reported who his / her followers, recognised since "Isavis" or even "Isfahanis," always endured throughout Isfahan for your tenth century.

*Maimonides said the Jews with Isfahan for his / her Iggeret Teiman (Epistle to help you Yemen); a urban center appeared to be viewed like your middle associated with Hebrew syntax in addition to exegesis.

Around 1166 *Benjamin regarding Tudela shows his or her's quantity during 15,000 not to mention as well brings up typically the leader rabbi Sar Shalom, exactly who found been hired by all the assignment relating to end user behaviour from Baghdad, through authority above almost all your groupings involving Persia.

If a Safavid empire produced Isfahan it is funds (1598), typically the Jews prospered monetarily and also was involved because craftsmen, artisans, together with suppliers throughout pills, seasoning, antiquities, jewellery, plus materials.

isfahan article

That they endured dramatically whenever typically the persecution and also commanded conversion, opened up underneath Shah *Abbas my partner and i as well as reconditioned within Shah *Abbas ii, swept throughout any Judaism organizations involving Persia through your 17th hundred years. The sufferings are described around a Judeo-Persian chronicles connected with *Babai ibn Lutf along with *Babai ibn Farḥad, and also as a result of Carmelite, Jesuit, not to mention several other eyewitnesses.

Religious life throughout Isfahan have a good isfahan content traditional rabbinical grounds, having that Sabbath and even eating guidelines stanislavski methods unplaned.

At this time there been around several synagogues, classes, as well as different public businesses, plus the neighborhood has been clearly sorted.

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A good *Karaite set at the same time existed furthermore there. On a instruction manuals involving *Nādir Shah (d. 1747), all the Isfahani Jew Bābā ibn Nuriel converted any Psalms and also this Pentateuch within Persian during 1740. Sort manuscripts inside Judeo-Persian are discovered throughout Isfahan with your starting off involving the particular 17th one hundred year from the Italian scholar and also vacationer Gary.

Vechietti, which cooperated utilizing Jewish students furthermore there for the particular transliteration about Judeo-Persian manuscripts.

With a development from the particular Qājār empire (1794–1925) along with the actual switch in any budget for you to *Teheran, Isfahan not to mention it's Jewish human population missing considerably involving it's life along with political prominence.

Contemporary city

European vacationers regarding the 19th 100 years, this kind of seeing that *David d'Beth Hillel (1828), *Benjamin ii (1850), together with Orite. *Neumark (1884), calculated any quantity regarding Jews around Isfahan on among More than 200 and 400 family members. Jewish social lifetime with Isfahan was endangered by means of the functions in that *Bahai exercise and the actual Sterling missionary societies, who, taking advantage of all the plight with a Jews, developed that will get the job done during this Jewish ghettos along with set up some sort of missionary intercultural conversation event examine examples throughout Isfahan for 1889.

Those inroads happen to be counteracted on 1901 just by your venue in your Jewish university around Isfahan by means of any *Alliance Israélite Universelle. Isfahan is certainly isfahan report saddle connected with a few revered "holy places," notably the supposed burial set with Serah bat Asher p Jacob black (granddaughter for the actual patriarch mentioned on Num.

Multiple sclerosis through Isfahan, Iran: Former, Existing and even Future

26:46), proudly located around the particular country about Pir Bakran, 20 stretches (30 km.) towards the south about Isfahan and additionally a fabulous popular space from pilgrimage for the purpose of every Isfahan Jews, exactly who bury the deceased now there, by means of a strong inscription went out with 1133 isfahan report Joseph Fischel /

Amnon Netzer (2nd ed.)]

Contemporary Period

Of this 10,000–12,000 Jews who was living in Isfahan inside 1948, pertaining to 2,500 kept around 1968.

Many had compensated within Israel, though people migrated that will Teheran. In respect for you to a census about 1956, Isfahan was first your third-largest Jewish network in Outline layout just for investigation paper, immediately after Teheran in addition to Shiraz.

Typically the quantity for synagogues obtained decreased because of 18 so that you can 13 by 1961. Most Jews have been weak peddlers; throughout 1952 this was first predicted who merely 1% was living around realistic cases, when 80% were being poverty-stricken, and typically the remainder were living with typically the fence with lower income.

The majority of from the particular poorest remaining just for Israel. With 1968 the particular town nervous strategy anatomy a particular Alliance Israélite Universelle class by using substantial class instructional classes, and even universities manage by way of *ort and additionally *Oẓar ha-Torah.

With 1961, 160 young people visited Jewish increased school; 897 came simple school; various other kids joined in the fun federal government academic institutions, at the same time now there are concerning 50 Jews located at Isfahan Institution.

But, also through 1967 quite a few Jewish babies do definitely not go any specific academic bank.

isfahan article

Around 1968 Isfahan have some sort of part regarding your Iranian Jewish Kind Provider and additionally about your Zionist younger generation business He-Ḥalutz, established prior to 1948. Within all the starting off associated with any Islamic isfahan report on Iran (1979) right now there had been a believed 3,000 Jews throughout Isfahan, cut down for you to 1,500 through a close with the 20th century.

bibliography:

W.

Bacher, "Un épisode de l'histoire des Juifs de Perse," in: rej, Forty seven (1903), 262–82; idem, "Les Juifs de Perse aux xviie et xviiie siècles daprès les chroniques poétiques de Babai b Loutf et de Babai t

Bibliography

Farhad," in: rej, Fifty-one (1906), 121–36, 265–79; Fifty-two (1906), 77–97, 234–71; 53 (1907), 85–110; Farrenheit. Baer, "Eine juedische Messiasprophetie auf das Jahr 1186 und der 3. Kreuzzug," in: mgwj, 50 (1926), nutrition powerpoint presentations W.J. Fischel, "Isfahan: Your Narrative connected with a new Judaism Network within Persia," in: Joshua Starr Memorial service Volume (1953), 111–28; V.B.

Moreen, Iranian Jewry's Time involving Danger as well as Heroism (1987), index; A fabulous. Netzer, " Redifot u-Shemadot isfahan document Yehudei Iran be-Me'ah ha-17," in: Pe'amim, 6 (1980), 32–56; k

isfahan article

Schwarz, Iran i have to be Mittelalter nach living room arabischen Geographer (1969), 582ff, esp. p 586; d Seligsohn, "Quatre poésies judéo-persanes sur l'ensemble des persécutions des juifs d'Ispahan," in: Revue des études juives, Forty-four (1902), 87–103, 244–259; Age.

isfahan article

Spicehandler, "The Persecution involving the Jews connected with Isfahan below Shah 'Abbas ii (1642–1666)," in: Hebrew Un School Annual, Forty six (1975), 331–356; Gary. Widengren, "The Level from the actual Isfahan content throughout a Sassanian Empire," in: Iranica Antiqua, 1 (1961), 117–162.

[Hayyim j Cohen /

Amnon Netzer (2nd ed.)]

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